Stock Photo: Egypt. The Great Pyramid of Giza, called the Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Cheops. Is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis. Tomb of the fourth-dynasty pharaoh Khufu. Is believed it was constructed by the architect Hemiunu (fl. 2570 BC). 26th century B.C. Old Kingdom.